October 25, 2010
The Independent People’s Tribunal (IPT) on Land Acquisition, Resource Grab, and Operation Green Hunt was organized in New Delhi from April 9 to 11, 2010 by a collective of civil society groups, social movements, progressive academics, social activists, and concerned citizens. The IPT heard accounts of diverse grass-roots activists from the states of Chhattisgarh, Orissa, West Bengal, and Jharkhand, the theater of an insidious war — nicknamed Operation Green Hunt (OGH) — that the Indian State has launched against its own people. Supplementing activist accounts and testimonies of witnesses with critical insights and advice of social scientists, journalists, legal experts, former government functionaries, and human rights activists, the people’s jury of the IPT made its opinion known through its interim observations and recommendations, the most urgent of which was to stop OGH and initiate a process of dialogue with the local population in the affected areas. Other recommendations included: immediately stopping all compulsory acquisition of agricultural or forest land and the forced displacement of the tribal people; making the details of all the memorandum of understanding (MOUs) signed for mining, mineral, and power projects known to the public; stop victimizing and harassing dissenters of the government’s policies; withdraw all paramilitary and police forces from schools and hospitals; constitute an Empowered Citizen’s Commission to investigate and recommend action against persons responsible for human rights violations of the tribal communities.
The recommendations of the jury and the countless accounts of activists provide a much-needed alternative perspective on Indian economic growth and development. While the national and international media talk profusely about the unprecedented growth of the Indian economy, as measured by growth of the gross domestic product, it ignores the distributional implications of that growth process and wilfully shies away from looking at the underlying costs of that growth: increasing inequality, forced displacement, dispossession of the most vulnerable sections of society, growing social tensions, and a rapidly growing State terror. The IPT, by giving space to different activist voices from the grass-roots, offers a view of the stinking underbelly of Indian growth.
In trying to facilitate the wider dissemination of the discussions at the IPT, Sanhati has decided to host the background documents and papers and other material presented at the IPT on its website. By hosting these important documents of the emerging peoples’ movement in India, we join participants at the IPT in hoping that these grass-roots accounts of oppression and resistance, and critical analysis of social and economic processes will trigger a much needed debate on broader questions of social transformation in India.
List of documents –
1. Don’t Mine Us Out of Existence – Amnesty Report
2. Salwa Judum: Civil War in Chattisgarh – a CPJC publication
3. Adivasis of Chhattisgarh – an ACHR report
5. Halting The Mining Juggernaut – A PUDR publication on Alumina mining in Orissa
6. Government, Vigilante, and Naxalite Abuses in India’s Chhattisgarh State – a HRW Report
7. Death, Displacement & Deprivation: The War in Dantewara – a report by HRF
8. An appeal for peace and solidarity – Dalit Mukti Morcha
10. Forced acceptance of MOUs – a letter from Pravin Patel
12. Salwa Judum and Violence on Women in Dantewada – Report by All India Women’s Team, published by CAVOW
13. MoUs in Chhattisgarh – Compiled from state government websites. Source: Ramnath Bhat and Shruthi Chandrashekaran
14. War in the Heart of India: An Enquiry into the Ground Situation in Dantewara – an Independent Citizens Initiative report
15. Comprehensive rehabilitation plan for Dantewada and Bijapur districts – Prepared by the petitioners in WP (Civil) 250/2007 and WP (Criminal) 19/2007 in pursuance of the Honourable Supreme Court’s directions of 18.2.2010
16. Vedanta’s diversion of forest land in Orissa – a site inspection report by Usha Ramanathan, J. K. Tewari and Vinod RIshi
17. Police Firing at Kalinganagar – a PUCL report
18. Chattisgarh enquiry report – NHRC (Investigation Division)
19. Narayanpatna police firing on CMAS activists – Fact finding report by K Sudhakar Patnaik, Manoranjan Routray, and Sharanya.
20. Afterword – Subalterns and sovereigns – Nandini Sundar
21. Pleading for Justice – Nandini Sundar
22. New framework sustainable mining – Mukul Sharma
23. Memorandum to Governor of Chattisgarh – Tribal Welfare Society
24. Striking while the iron is hot : POSCO case study – Manshi Asher
25. Massacre Of Adivasis at Kalinga Nagar – A fact finding report of JOHAR and JMACC.
26. The Ugly Face of Law Keepers – Rapes by Police and Security Forces Rise – HRCM report
27. Coal Sector Loans and Displacement of Indigenous Populations – Lesson from Jharkhand – Tony Herbert and Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt
28. Vedanta’s operations in Lanjigarh – a CEC report
29. State-sponsored lawlessness at Narayanpatna – Javed Iqbal