Interviewed by Anoop Kumar, Insight Young Voices magazine. June 15, 2009.
You have been consistently writing on the rise of Hindu nationalism in the country. Recently, we all saw Tehelka’s expose´ of the involvement of the State in the Gujarat pogrom. The whole country felt the shock. However, the Congress government did not respond at all. Even the Left gave a much muted response. Most of us have been outraged. We knew everything; nothing new came out in this expose´ and yet, it was shocking for us.
By Shubhranshu Choudhary. Columnist, Sanhati.
Traveling through cut-off villages near Balimela reservoir, to parts of the Dandakaranya forest and the Niyamgiri hills, the writer encounters villagers who have been paying the price of “India’s economic miracle”. His guide-book promises a great place for scenic beauty and adventure water sport – he finds instead darkness, hospitals five hours away, aluminum behemoths displacing tribals with impunity – and growing mutinies.
Click below to read older articles
June 29, 2009
With regard to Lalgarh people’s uprising, there have been a lot of news and views in Telugu during the last two weeks. Sanhati invites English translations of the articles below.
By Sujato Bhadro. June 28, 2009, The Times of India. This page is a part of Sanhati’s Lalgarh reporting.
Unlike Singur-Nandigram, the initial social resistance movement in Lalgarh revolved around police atrocities; with tribal people raising their voice against law enforcing agencies breaking the law of the land. So, this movement is political in nature; a story of demand for the restoration of civil liberties since November 2008. The people of Lalgarh are not concerned about problems of land acquisition, issue of development and displacement; the sole issue is fundamental: the right to life. If we focus on the historical, and oppose the fictional sense of the reality in which the people of Lalgarh live, we will be able to get a proper understanding of the problem.
This page is a part of Sanhati’s Lalgarh reporting.
June 27, 2009: 1. Statement from Committee for the Release of Political Prisoners on arrest of fact-finding team
June 28, 2009: 2. Menon and others released, threaten to move HC against WB govt
This page is a part of Sanhati’s Lalgarh reporting. It collects developing news on Operation Lalgarh, an Operation in the course of which locals received their first acquaintance with Indian scientific achievement in the form of spy satellites, and a rare acquaintance with mainstream media, in the form of embedded “war” journalists.
Feb 23 2010: The Silda attack: Understanding the role of the EFR camp in reoccupation strategies
Feb 23 2010: Lalmohan Tudu and two others murdered by CRPF
Jan 11 2010: Lalgarh – An account from Forum Against Monopolistic Aggression (FAMA) [PDF, Bengali] »
June 29: Verdict 2009 and the Left: Key Issues and the Road Ahead – Kavita Krishnan, CPIML(Liberation)
June 13: The West’s fantasies of a free-market “New India”
May 25: A lesson for the revolutionary Left – Anol Mitra, Sanhati
May 25: Topic CPIM – A few thoughts – Pinaki Mitra, Sanhati (also appeared in Guruchandali.com). [PDF, Bengali] »
May 21: The Left and Electoral Politics in India – Dipankar Basu, Sanhati
May 19: Enabling Congress to rule the country, CPI(M) goes into “ostrich mode” – PS Ray, Pinaki Chaudhuri – Sanhati
May 19: Wave against big corporate aggression: Incomplete Alienation from the CPI(M) – Dipanjan Rai Chaudhuri
May 19: Karat(e) against his own follies – Sankar Ray
By Amit Bhattacharya
The Lok Sabha elections throughout the country ended on 13 May and results were declared on 16 May, 2009. The phase of struggle in Lalgarh that started from then on was something that was totally unprecedented in the history of our country—in depth, magnitude and significance. The subsequent history can be divided into Phase I and Phase II. Phase I is related to people’s movement, while Phase II with the deployment of para-military forces, brutality perpetrated by them and resistance by the people and the Maoists.
Statements from CPIML(Liberation), PUDR, Chhatradhar Mahato, Kannabiran, Delhi intellectuals, Protibadi Udyog, Lok Morcha Punjab on Lalgarh and ban on CPI(Maoist)
Statement from CPIML(Liberation) on Lalgarh – June 24, 2009
Statement from PUDR on banning of CPI(Maoist) – June 25, 2009
Statement from Chhatradhar Mahato – June 21, 2009
Statement from PUCL president Kannabiran on Lalgarh – June 25, 2009
Statement from a group of Delhi intellectuals on Lalgarh – June 19, 2009
Statement from Protibadi Udyog, Mazdoor Mukti Committee, Radical Socialist, Sramajeevi Samiti, and Prosit Das, Jogin, Kaustav De, P.R. Ghosh – July 2, 2009
Statement from Lok Morcha Punjab on State offensive in Lalgarh – June 26, 2009
By Saroj Giri. Guest Contributor, Sanhati. June 22, 2009
This article studies what the author calls the “frustrating predicament” of the dissident Left in India upholding so-called democratic spaces: “non-violent social movements have reached a dead-end, NGOs are “paltu shers” (caged lions), and yet Maoists cannot be politically supported, even though “they are the only people able to make a dent” “- ed.
By Nandini Chandra. Guest contributor, Sanhati. Paper presented at Left Forum 2009.
This paper seeks to place the present panic over Maoism in India in perspective through a consideration of the interlinking lenses of the state, media, civil society and the official/mainstream “left”. It starts with examining the gaps in P. Sainath’s dedicated reporting on rural misery, as expressing certain key features of official left ideology, starting with the cult book Everybody Loves a Good Drought (1996). It moves on to an exploration of the political context in which the National Commission Report on Maoist affected states (2008), authored by independent civil society activist-experts emerges. In its sympathetic approach to the Maoist menace, the report surely departs from the official Left position and yet in its skewed understanding of the problem, it remains deeply consonant with it. Finally, it points to the dangers of the merging of state, media, and civil society interests and what implications this has for a class based understanding of the rural masses.
June 17, 2009. By a fact finding team of students from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
A fact finding team of nine students from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) recently visited Lalgarh, to probe into the reality of the ongoing movement of the people in the area. Here we are enclosing the preliminary details of what we saw. We would like to appeal to your daily/ news channel to also highlight on certain issues of the movement, which we feel are not coming to the forefront, as much as it should have.
June 16, 2009
From the very inception of the adivasi-moolvasi people’s movement, led by the Peoples’ Committee Against Police Atrocities, in Lalgarh and the entire jangalmahal region of West Bengal, we have expressed our solidarity with their struggle for dignity and the right to be free from state terror in their daily life. The political development in that region has received widespread support and also inspired people across the country. Having challenged the usual manner in which state machinery functions, the people have had to face the terror unleashed on the movement by the private militia (”harmads”) organised by the ruling CPI(Marxist). Such attacks have been strongly condemned by us, along with other political platforms. We feel that the Lalgarh movement has been historic in form and content and we will continue to support it in every possible way.
An all-India fact-finding team visited Chhattisgarh from May 29 to June 1, 2009 in the wake of certain disturbing developments in the State plagued by Maoist violence, state terror, the Salwa Judum campaign and attacks on voluntary organisations (even Gandhian bodies) by the powers that be. The team visited the site of the demolished Vanvasi Chetna Ashram (VCA) at Kanwalnar near Dantewada and run by Himanshu Kumar, a noted Gandhian social activist working among the tribals in Dantewada and Bijapur districts of Bastar region. The demolition of the ashram took place on May 17, 2009. After the visit, the team met with the state Governor, E.S. Narasimhan, and the Superintendent of Police, Dantewada, Rahul Sharma, and submitted a Memorandum to them.
By Pankaj Mishra, The National
Last month India held its 15th general elections. Those who recall some of the previous 14 could only marvel at the great interest the recent round of voting aroused in the western media. Less than a decade ago India was typically depicted in the international press as a poor, backward and often violent nation. Its experiments with democracy may have been unprecedented for a large poor country – but in the West they usually appeared solely in the guise of photographs of peasant women in colorful saris lining up to vote (this ageless staple popped up again in recent weeks). India’s image received a dramatic makeover only in the early years of this century, when the country’s protectionist economy, which was first liberalised in 1991, opened up further to foreign trade and investment.
June 13, 2009
Both the unemployment rate and the capacity utilization rate (roughly the proportion of total non-labour capacity for production that is being used) are good measures of the level of economic activity in a capitalist economy. Both these indicators show that the US economy is in the deepest recession since the Great Depression.
Pictures from Sonakhali
By Amit Basole, Sanhati
Simplifying matters somewhat at the present juncture three significant streams of Left political practice can be identified in India: first, the Communist Parliamentary Left or what Dipankar Basu has termed the Social Democratic Left (SDL) which includes the CPM, CPI and their allies, second what may be termed the Communist non-Parliamentary Left (CnPL) which includes CPI (Maoist), CPI (ML) and smaller Maoist Parties and third, the People’s Movement Left (PML), sometimes called the “non-Party Left,” which is also largely non-Parliamentary (though for reasons different from the Maoist Left). PML includes various organizations belonging to the National Alliance of People’s Movements (NAPM) and other related movements (such as the anti- caste movement, the new farmers’ movements).
By Peter Schwarz, World Socialist Website. June 10, 2009.
The most notable result of the European elections held last weekend is the dramatic decline of social democracy.
On average across Europe, social democratic parties received only 22 percent of the vote, six percent less than in the previous European election in 2004. With a turnout of just 43 percent, this means that less than one in ten of the electorate voted for these parties.
June 13, 2009
Dozens of people are estimated to have been killed in clashes between police and indigenous activists protesting oil and mining projects in the northern Peruvian Amazonian province of Bagua. Peruvian authorities have declared a military curfew, and troops are patrolling towns in the Amazon jungle. Authorities say up to twenty-two policemen have been killed, and two remain missing. The indigenous community says at least forty people, including three children, were killed by the police this weekend.
By P Sainath. The Hindu, June 10 2009
Now that we have a Cabinet whose assets total close to Rs. 5 billion on its own declaration, with Ministers worth over Rs. 75 million each on average, it will be worth watching how it rises to the challenge of identifying with the poor and the hungry. That Rs. 5- billion figure, painstakingly compiled by the National Election Watch, a coalition of over 1200 civil society organisations working across India, covers 64 of the 79 Ministers. The other 15 are Rajya Sabha members whose updated assets are yet to be computed. True, these figures are skewed by the fact that the top five Ministers alone are worth Rs. 2 billion. However, as the NEW points out, the rest are not destitute. In all, 47 of the 64 are crorepatis. And the remaining 15 won’t harm the score too much when their totals come in.
By Garga Chatterjee, Sanhati. June 13, 2009
The shocking racist attacks on an young Indian student in Australia might bring flashbacks of such assaults meted out to another young man named Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aboard a train in South Africa, more than a hundred years ago.
June 13, 2009
Is the government trying to shirk its responsibility of providing a social security net even as it contemplates a right to food act?
In a move that could undercut the very logic of UPA’s much-touted right to food Act, the Planning Commission has recommended that the government do away with the public distribution system (PDS) and begin cash-for-food schemes instead.
June 13, 2009. Rediff News.
India has failed to use a period of high economic growth to lift tens of millions of people out of poverty, falling far short of China’s record in protecting its population from the ravages of chronic hunger, United Nations officials said on Tuesday.
For latest news and updates, please visit: http://www.binayaksen.net/
Here is the statement of the PUCL National Secretary, which explains some of the facts relating to the abduction of VCA functionaries by the Salwa Judum.
By Michael Perelman, MRZine. This article appeared first in 2005.
Pensions offer a wonderful example of the perverse phenomenon of the corporate sector winning support by taking actions that harm individuals. Between 1979 and 1997, the share of employees with defined benefit plans — i.e., plans that promise a specific level of support — fell from 87 percent to 50 percent (Mishel, Bernstein, and Boushey 2003, p. 247). Under defined benefit plans, employers bear the responsibility to provide the promised pensions — a responsibility that they were more than happy to shed.
The central and many state government employees joining after 1st Janurary, 2004, would not get the benefits of the pay-as-you-go pension scheme. The employees themselves would have to contribute for their own pension fund, matched by equal contributions by the government. This fund might be utilised to invest in financial markets through fund managers, presumably private. In a single swoop the idea of pensions being rights of workers, has been thrown into the neo-liberal dustbin. One reason offered for this is the high return which could be earned in financial markets – a dangerous point needing scant elaboration in view of the recent worldwide turmoil. There has been little resistance from political parties. The Left parties demand for a guaranteed minimum pension income and keeping the fund out of speculation; this does not address the fundamental issue of stripping of citizens’ right to a life of dignity. The article, though a little dated (September 2007), sums up many aspects of the new pension scheme. – Editors, Sanhati. May 31, 2009.
Javed Iqbal recently wrote 2 stories with photos on binayaksen.net. The First one is about the Anatomy of an encounter in South Bastar and second one is about an Attack On The Village Of Badepalli by the Security Forces. He was roughed up by the police during the demolition of VCA for exposing police brutality, police encounters, and Salwa Judum through these stories. Continue reading his Open Letter to Police - Editors, binyaksen.net
By K.S. Jacob. The Hindu, May 20 2009
Many of the current policies and practices “authorised” by the Indian state require careful review from a human rights perspective.
The latest general elections and the ongoing process of forming a Central government provide an opportunity for introspection regarding India’s human rights record. The policies and practices “authorised” by the Indian state require reflection and reappraisal. The context of India, its framework and policies, shore up and determine many of its practices. The capitalistic model with its success in the West, until the recent collapse, was adopted by India w ith dramatic impact on its economic growth. However, the average improvement in the Indian economy actually increased the income inequality for the majority of those living in Bharat. While poverty based on headcounts has reduced, deprivation, defined as the disparity between base and mean consumption, has increased. The non-inclusive nature of India’s recent growth has resulted in development without social and distributive justice for the majority of Indians.
Gravest displacement, Bravest resistance: The struggle of adivasis of Bastar, Chhattisgarh against imperialist corporate landgrab
By Sudha Bharadwaj. Columnist, Sanhati
I don’t live in Bastar, and I am not an adivasi.
But I have been active in the working class movement of Chhattisgarh for the past 22 years, a movement which became legendary under the charismatic leadership of Comrade Shankar Guha Niyogi. And I strongly feel that understanding what is happening in Bastar today is of the greatest significance not only to us in Chhattisgarh, but to all those who want to understand imperialist onslaught and corporate land grab, particularly in the resource-rich adivasi areas; for all of us involved nationwide in the anti-displacement movement which is day on day becoming a fierce life-and-death struggle against all odds; and in fact for all of us in the peoples’ movements who are faced with the abysmally criminal failure of democratic institutions and shrinking democratic spaces on the one hand, and growing repression on the other.
Statement from Sanhati on Binayak Sen’s release
We critically welcome the Supreme Court of India’s decision of May 25, 2009 to grant bail to Binayak Sen, a socially committed paediatrician and civil liberties activist, who had been arrested on May 14, 2007 on false charges of abetting Maoist activity in Chhattisgarh, sedition, and waging war against the State under various sections of the draconian Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act (CSPSA), 2005 and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA), 2004 (amended) and the IPC.
While this can be certainly seen as a small victory for the human rights and civil liberties movement in India, we cannot help but point out that the real battle for democratic rights lies ahead.
By Amit Basole and Dipankar Basu, Sanhati
Assessing the nature and direction of economic development in India is an important theoretical and practical task with profound political and social implications. After all, any serious attempt at a radical restructuring of Indian society, if it is not to fall prey to empty utopianism, will need to base its long-term strategy on the historical trends in the evolution of the material conditions of life of the vast majority of the population. Attempting to contribute to past debates and as part of on-going attempts at radical transformation of Indian society, this paper tries to provide a summary account of the evolution of some key structural features of the Indian economy over the last few decades.
Hurricane Ayla has caused extensive damage all over West Bengal, in particular the Sundarbans area of South Bengal.
Thousands of houses have been decimated, dams have been breached. The latest governmental statistic shows 68 people dead, of which 46 are from South Bengal. These are just the preliminary reports as many interior places are yet to be reached by the rescue teams. The home secretary puts the total number of homes damaged at 61 thousand while total number of hurricane affected people at 22.3 lakhs.
By Deepankar Basu, Sanhati
In the recently concluded 2009 general elections to the lower house of the parliament, the Social Democratic Left (SDL henceforth) In India, composed of the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPM), the Communist Party of India (CPI) and a bunch of smaller left-wing parties, has witnessed the severest electoral drubbing in a long time. This year, the CPM won a total of 16 parliamentary seats; compared to its performance in the last general elections in 2004 this is a whopping decline of 27 seats. The CPI, on the other hand, won 4 seats in 2009, suffering a net decline of 6 parliamentary seats from its position in 2004. Does this mean that the Indian population has rejected even the mildly progressive and social democratic policies that the SDL tried to argue for at the Central level? Is this a mandate for the Congress party and by extension a mandate for neoliberalism? I think not. This is a mandate against the SDL but not against social democratic policies; this is a mandate against neoliberalism and for welfare-oriented policies. To the extent that the Congress was pushed by the SDL to partially implement such pro-people policies, it can possibly be interpredeted as an indirect endorsement of Congress’s late-in-the day populism. After making a few comments on the national mandate, in this article, I focus my attention on West Bengal, the bastion of the SDL in India.
Results by party and state.
By Venu Madhav Govindu & Deepak Malghan, Tehelka
As the Nano is launched to the accompaniment of thunderous acclaim in the national and trade press, Venu Madhav Govindu and Deepak Malghan – academics from the Indian Institute of Science and the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore – raise several searching questions on the appropriateness of the Nano model of industrialisation.
This article makes the point that since a large part of the recent investment boom, which drove the growth of the Indian economy, was based on foreign funds the global slowdown down not augur well for India. It originally appeared in The New York Times, May 4 2009.
Gurgaon, May 4 2009: Sumit Sapra is a member of that ambitious, impatient generation of young Indians who rode the crest of the global economy. In five years, he changed jobs three times, quadrupling his salary along the way. Even when satisfied with his position, he kept his résumé posted on job sites, in case better offers came along. And he splurged. In three years, he bought three cars, moving up a notch in luxury each time. For weekend jaunts, he bought a motorcycle.
By Bhaswati Chakravorty. May 16, 2009
There is almost a mythic power in the spectacle of India going to the polls. Just the number of people going to the booths in every corner of the country, the gigantic scale of the organization, the numerous political parties — all add up to a fascinating and undoubtedly significant exercise in democracy. Especially now, with the civilian governments in countries around India gasping for life, or turning into ruthless victory-mongers at the expense of minority populations. Within India, too, tragedies stalk the exercise of the people’s franchise. In the mythic perspective, these endow India’s general elections with something akin to a noble aura.
May 17, 2009. A report received from JOAR, the Jharkhandi Organisation Against Radiation.
This report details new plans by UCIL for expansion in Jadugoda, and the developmental state of nearby villages.
Dr. Binayak Sen’s continued incarceration, under trumped-up charges of assisting Maoists, is a pointer to the increasing authoritarianism of the Indian state and the worsening conditions of political prisoners in the country. In the on-going struggle for the release of Binayak Sen and to draw attention towards the larger problem of state repression and rights of political prisoners, a satyagraha was held in Raipur on May 14, the day that marks two years of Binayak Sen’s arrest. About 30 organizations from all over the country participated in this satyagraha, with 225 activists courting arrest. This is the ninth round of satyagraha, which began eight weeks ago, in an effort to mobilize public opinion against Dr. Sen’s unjust incarceration.
By Shamita Basu. May 7, 2009. The Statesman
Recently, a propaganda film was made on Tapasi Malik’s death, based essentially on the premise that her murder was not political, but the result of a family feud stemming from an abortion, an affair, and an irate father. The film was written by Mandakranta Sen, and propagated a myth created by the CPIM within minutes of the discovery of Malik’s body in December 2006 – ed.
May 2009. A report from The Citizens Initiative
A large majority of the people of Singur in no way condones the Left Front government’s recent policies of industrialisation, development and land acquisition yet they are wary of the new TMC-led panchayat in Singur. For instance, some villagers in Dobandi, an SC village of landless farm labourers (and owing to existing caste discriminations and economic conditions this village has been the hardest hit ever since the land was taken away for the Tata project), received the rare subsidy from the government for making brick houses under the Indira Abasan Yojana (Indira Housing Scheme). Yet, this sum of about Rs. 35,000 came with several riders.
May 1 2009. The Hindu
More than a million workers have lost their jobs and are facing abject poverty, starvation and diseases after tea gardens were closed down in recent years in the Dooars region of West Bengal, a study claimed today.
By Rick Steelhammer, Commondreams. May 4, 2009
Sarita Malviya wasn’t born when an explosion at a Union Carbide chemical plant in Bhopal, India, on Dec. 3, 1984, sent a cloud of deadly gas containing the compound methyl isocyanate into the old section of the city, searing the lungs and causing the deaths of at least 4,000 people.
INFOGEN, an IT firm in Kolkata, recently folded up overnight with its management disappearing, bringing into focus the issue of employee rights on a landscape dotted with such firms. An appeal from employees was published earlier.
By Dana Cloud, MRZine. April 2009
The noxious weeds of the new McCarthyism have begun to bear bitter fruit around the country. Reports are coming in, not just about the better-known cases of harassment and firing of Norman Finkelstein (denied tenure at DePaul and banned from a speaking engagement at Clark College) or Joel Kovel (recently fired from his position as the Alger Hiss Chair of Social Studies at Bard College). Many readers will know the horrific case of Sami al-Arian, the University of South Florida professor jailed for five years without basis or charges for the suspicion of ties to terrorism.
By Dipankar Dey
On the 23rd March 2009, the Tata Motors Company (TMC) launched its much publicized small car ‘Nano’ at Mumbai. As the Sanand plant at Gujarat is at its inception now, a makeshift arrangement has been made to produce 50,000 units at their Pantnagar plant. Limited numbers of prospective buyers will receive their cars after three months, in June 2009. It is reported that the basic model priced at Rs one lakh (ex-factory without transportation cost) without air conditioning will contribute only 20 per cent of the Nano sales and rest 80 per cent will be contributed by the premium models priced at around Rs1.6 lakh.
How does the media in Chhattisgarh report the conflict between the Naxalites and the Salwa Judum, or the conflict between local communities and corporations? Quite simply, it doesn’t. The pressures on journalists in Chhattisgarh are unique. They are paid not to report stories that are critical of the powers-that-be, whether they are industrial lobbies or state authorities.
Dropping a virtual bombshell in the run-up to the second phase of Lok Sabha polls, Forward Bloc state general secretary Mr Ashoke Ghosh, today disclosed that it was chief minister Mr Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee who had ordered police to fire on Nandigram villagers on 14 March, 2007 that killed at least 14 persons and triggered an unprecedented political turmoil in the state.
By Mukul Sharma, Kafila
In the first phase of elections, data (affidavits) available of 1440 candidates out of a total of 1715, compiled and analysed by the National Election Watch, is revealing: There are 193 crorepatis contesting elections in this phase; they have increased from 9 percent in 2004 to 14 percent in 2009. Congress has 45, followed by BJP and BSP, with 30 and 22 respectively. All parties, including independents, share this burden. Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh have a majority of them. Their total assets go as high as 173, 125, 89, 72, 56, 45, 30 crores. Neither the earth, nor the sky is the limit. And the declared assets may just reveal a partial picture, considering the fact that most of them (979 candidates) do not even bother to have a permanent account number (PAN), which is necessary for filing annual income tax returns.
April 22 2009. Ilina Sen’s SOS Message on Conspiracy by Chhattisgarh Administration
I am writing to share some extremely distressing information that has just now come to light. We now have clear proof that the police in Chhattisgarh are actively interfering with Binayak’s need for health care. I will just go over the facts with you.
Pictures from the Adivasi Rally of April 24th, 2009.
By Debarshi Das, Sanhati
What we mostly find in India is not open unemployment but underemployment. This is principally because going without jobs is a luxury in a country having non-existent unemployment benefits. Employed kith and kin cannot be of much help either if one is jobless because the wage levels are barely enough to sustain one. However a person doing a job which neither she nor others consider gainful employment should not be counted as employed . Her right to labour and dignity is yet to be realised. As pressure of global capital tightens and the organised sector shrinks, workers are made to take up more and more of such unpaying and hazardous jobs, whose remuneration stagnates as the rest of the economy surges past. All this is perhaps not much surprising. What is amusing is the eagerness with which dominant economic tradition of the day ties itself in knots.
By Koustav De, Sanhati
The Lalgarh movement has moved far beyond the initial point of fighting police repression. The people have decided to take up development initiatives that in theory are their fundamental right but which they have never seen – irrigation facilities, drinking water, and a health center.
Fact-finding team: Amit Bhaduri, economist, Professor emeritus, JNU; Madhu Bhaduri, womens’ rights activist, IFS, former ambassador to Vietnam; Vidya Das, adivasi rights activist, Agragamee, Kashipur, Orissa; Gautam Navlakha, PUDR, consulting editor, EPW; Colin Gonsalves, supreme court lawyer, Human rights law network; Aseem Srivastava, economist, writer, activist; Kaustav Banerjee, economist, CSD, Delhi; Budhaditya Das, student, DU; Manika Bora, student, JNU; Sudipta, human rights activist, Adhikar, Asansol, West Bengal
April 1, 2009.
A citizens’ committee, comprising geologists, chemists, chemical engineers, physicist, river scientists, doctors, economists and fish experts, has alleged that the government has withheld information on the proposed chemical hub at Nayachar.
By P. Sainath. March 21, 2009
What does it mean to rank much better on GDP per capita than in the HDI, as we do? It means we have been less successful in converting income into human development.
By Shubhranshu Choudhary. 31 Mar 2009, Indiatogether.
In Chhatisgarh’s Durg district, there is no shortage of farmers who have taken their lives – the district ranks second in the state on this count. But equally, there is no shortage of those who don’t see these suicides.
Nawagarh, in Durg district of Chhatisgarh, is a very small place by any standard. Everyone knows everyone else here, and so it was not difficult to find a local journalist as soon as we reached Nawagarh. We were looking for help to investigate stories of farmers’ suicides in the area. A simple enquiry at a local paan shop on the road side got us the address and directions to the most famous journalist in town.
The real story behind the much-hyped industrialization of West Bengal is one of continuous de-industrialization, land grab and conversion to real estate. This essay captures the emerging Shriram Hitec city in Hind Motors. Included is an article on industries in the Barackpur-Kanchrapara belt.
The massacre in Marichjhapi, which took place under CPIM rule in Bengal between January 26 and May 16, 1979, has few parallels in the history of independent India. It holds fair comparison with the Jalianwala Bag massacre perpetrated by the British. The level of police brutality was horrific. The entire island of refugees was put under economic blockade from January, after the Left had come to power the previous year promising to champion the cause of the refugees. The blockade first starved out the population, and then the killings began.
West Bengal Policy Reversal and the Marichjhapi Massacre by Ross Mallick
When tigers became citizens, refugees “tiger-food” by Annu Jalais
This report dated 20th November, 2008 was prepared by Jayanta Singha and Arjun Sengupta who were part of the fact-finding team that went to Salboni. They are also members of the SEZ Birodhi Prachar Mancha. The report has been translated from Bengali by Koel Das and Suvarup Saha, Sanhati.
In Salboni, West Midnapur district of Bengal, the Jindal Group is building a SEZ on 4877.44 acres of land. According to the State Government and JSW Bengal Steel Limited, the SEZ is being built on totally arid land. And that the land has been given joyfully, spontaneously, in return for which the Jindal Group has provided adequate compensation and promises. The job of this team was to probe the veracity of these claims, the socio-economic effect of the purported SEZ on the local population, and its environmental implications.
By Shamik Sarkar, Sanhati
1. A short note on agriculture 2. Opposition to land acquisition 3. The tale of crisis and beyond 4. Some notable characteristics of the resistance movement by social labour 5. Parliamentary Democracy
Infogen, an IT firm in Kolkata, recently folded up overnight, and its management absconded, leaving over a thousand employees jobless. With IT firms mushrooming all over, there is an acute need for ensuring employees’ rights and proper prosecution in criminal cases.
A sketch of Ashis Nandy’s recent lecture at UC Berkeley. March 13, 2009
It was not hatred, but a strong undercurrent of humanity, that was the surprising finding of research on the traumatic bloodbath of the Partition, iconoclastic Indian researcher Ashis Nandy told an audience March 3 at the University of California.
Nandy made some unconventional points: Even in the terrible bloodbath that claimed the lives of millions, as many as one in four people among survivors said they were saved by the other community, and their fondest memories were still of the days when they lived with the ostensibly enemy community. He added that while those who engaged in the killings virtually got off scot-free, they paid a price in terms of mental and physical health and some even accepted culpability in their later age.
In spite of increased enrolment, why are children in state-funded schools not getting quality education?
By Parimal Bhattacharya
In Satyajit Ray’s film, Aparajito, an inspector comes on a visit to a village school and asks a class the meaning of a Bengali word. The incident turns out to be serendipitous for young Apu: not only does he give the correct answer, but his moving rendition from a primer also pleases the headmaster.
1. World Bank roots for urbanisation, migration – March 13, 2009
2. Migration to urban areas is good, says World Bank – March 13, 2009
3. Encourage clustered economic growth, World Bank tells India – March 13, 2009
4. NREGA is a barrier to economic development: World Bank – March 15, 2009
5. World Bank to clear $2.6 bn loan for India soon – March 15, 2009
Various schemes of the Indian government like NREGA, watershed programmes and schemes for development of small and medium towns are acting as “policy barriers to internal mobility”, the bank said in its ‘World Development Report’ 2009.
1. Andhra Pradesh Court ruling : Police must file FIR after encounter – Feb 2009
2. Conviction is possible even if proof deficient: SC – March 2009
By Koustav De, Sanhati
(1) The Gorkhaland movement: A short background (2) Gorkhaland leadership extends hand of solidarity for Lalgarh movement (3) Exchanging views: A challenge to vote equations (4) The State’s divisive tactics (5) Looking forward
By Anindita Chowdhury. The Statesman, February 28 2009
In its zeal for industrialisation, the CPI-M now seems to be moving in the reverse gear on land reforms, going back on the progress it made three decades earlier.
The complaint has come from the state land and land reforms department after the state industries department demanded that the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation (WBIDC) and West Bengal Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (WBIIDC) be given ryot status so that they can lease out land to industrialists and manage the land on their own. The proposal apparently, has the blessings of the chief minister as well.
By Chris Harman. Socialist Review, February 2009
November’s deadly attacks in Mumbai had one peculiar side-effect on the British media. Journalists were forced out into the streets and discovered that the vast majority of the city’s population are still poor.
By S Sivasegaram. RadicalNotes, 24 February 2009
Sri Lanka is in deep crisis on many fronts, and its politics is almost a total mess. Yet, its President, Mahinda Rajapaksa, elected by a whisker in November 2005, thanks to the boycott of the election by the Tamils in the North-East, after a last-minute call by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), is the only Sri Lankan head of government to have grown in popularity since election. He owes this immense popularity among the majority Sinhalese to his rejection of the peace process and the success of the armed forces in regaining, at a very high but unknown cost in men and material, all but 200 sq. km of the vast territory held by the LTTE.
By Daniel Pepper. The New York Times, March 1 2009.
Madkam Deva walks about 20 paces off a dirt footpath in a verdant forest, finds the place where large, orange ants crawl over a dark maroon stain, then points to another bloodstain a few yards away. This, he says, is where he saw one villager cut down by police bullets, and then a second. “I’m scared they’ll come after me now,” says Deva, who is about 20. He says a bullet grazed his right forearm while he fled the barrage. His account of what happened in this remote and undeveloped corner of eastern India on Jan. 8 boils down to this: the police rounded up 24 tribal villagers, told them they were going to a station for questioning, then lined them up for execution en route. Five, including Deva, escaped.
Human rights activist and public health specialist Binayak Sen was arrested two years ago for being a member of an unlawful association. For good measure he has also been charged with ‘sedition’ and ‘conspiracy’ and waging war against the state. The police also added charges claiming he acted as a courier for the Naxalities. He is being held under the Chhattisgarh State Public Security Act and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act — both ugly images of the repealed POTA and tools in hands of the state to silence voices of dissent.
This is an update on his trial.
Tribal Peoples Committee of Purulia district hold meeting for basic rights in solidarity with Lalgarh
On 22nd February, 2009, the Adivasi Moolbasi Janashadharan Committee (Tribal Peoples Committee) of Purulia district in West Bengal held a meeting for basic rights and in solidarity with the movement in Lalgarh. Pictures and a charter of demands are given.
Short documentary on state violence in Dumka, Jharkhand [Youtube, Hindi, 6 mins]
Background report on Dumka firings by Sandeep Pandey
A comprehensive report from NAPM
This paper has been produced by Gurgaon Workers News, February 2009.
1. The character of the Shining India after the crash 1991
2. Landmarks of the current crisis in India. a) The Crisis Blow b) The state’s reaction
3. Margins of the crisis regime in India a) The Social Unrest of the Rural World b) The Energy Crunch c) The Industrial Impasse d) The political consequences for the crisis regime
4. New frame-work and potentials for proletarian unrest
By Amit Bhaduri. EPW, January 2009
It is remarkable that despite the inexactitude of economics as a body of knowledge, which should have left enough space for some if not several contesting economic ideologies, over the last 20 years or so all the major political parties in India cutting across the spectrum from the Left to the Right largely converged to a very similar point of view on economic management. Would the current global financial and economic crisis give us the courage necessary to re-educate ourselves to view the “logic of the market” more logically?
Message from Jean Dreze:
Two NREGA activists, Bhukhan Singh and Niyamat Ansari, were arrested on false charges in Manika (Latehar District, Jharkhand) on 15 February 2009, and sent to jail on 16 February. This appears to be a retaliation against the leading role they played in the recent struggle for payment of unemployment allowances in Manika. This struggle led to the payment of the unemployment allowance in two Gram Panchayats (Kope and Jerua) on 7 February 2009, and a fine on the local BDO. For further details, see attached complaints to the DGP Jharkhand (and earlier press note in Hindi).
By Jean Dreze and Christian Oldgies. Frontline, February 2009.
In an article in the July 27, 2007 issue of Frontline we presented and discussed data relating to the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) for 2006-07, extracted from the official website of the Ministry of Rural Development ( www.nrega.nic.in). This follow-up note is essentially an “update” along the same lines, including a brief comparison of 2006-07 and 2007-08 figures.
No jobs, Muslims only fobbed off in Bengal
Stink of prejudice at every step
Sorry, you’re Muslim : Visually impaired techie’s house hunt horror
Clash in Midnapore town after Muharram procession stopped
Feb 6, 2009. The Times of India.
The Supreme Court on Thursday said that the government cannot arm common men or those associated with Salwa Judum — an anti-naxal people’s movement in Chhattisgarh — to curb the unlawful activities of naxalites, in remarks which are sure to encourage those campaigning for the dissolution of the armed resistance promoted by the state government to counter the growing Left-wing extremism in the state.
This report from a civil society forum called Save Naihati Industrial Area provides interesting perspectives to the breakdown of industry in Naihati, West Bengal, and its effects on local cultural and social life.
Loomtex Engineering Pvt.Ltd., West Bengal, continues to be a jute mill where 2,300 workers are well past the age of retirement. The management has not cleared their gratuity dues for the last 10-15 years and forces old, feeble, ailing workers to work at a measly rate of Rs. 100 per day. Loomtex is also a mill where the Provident Funds accounts of the workers have not been audited since 1997. Sangrami Mazdoor Union, newly formed by workers, has been agitating for clearance of the due provident fund and gratuity of since January 2008. On May 15 2008, a personnel manager was found dead in his office on the mill premises, while the Sangrami Mazdoor Union (SMU) was conducting a peaceful gate meeting protesting the non-payment of long standing provident fund and gratuity dues. Police and management blamed workers, throwing many of them in jail, while the spiraling violence perpetrated by the management’s hired goons threatened to break the back of SMU.
These notes from jail are by an imprisoned worker and appeared in ShramikShakti, November 2008.
Section 1: Abstract
Section 2: Voices from below
Section 3: Sickness Profiles: National Tannery, Kolay Biscuit, Eastern Paper Mill and 14 others.
Section 4: Regional Roundup of Industrial Belts: Eastern fringes, B.T. Road, Dum-Dum Lake Town, Jadavpur-Tollygunj, Taratala, Beleghata
Section 5: Factsheets: Industrial policy summary, Efforts to combat sickness, Survey of 500 sick industries, Rajarhat township, “Excess” industrial land.
Section 6: Summary
By Siddhartha Mitra and Debarshi Das, Sanhati. Translated from a FAMA study
Contents: 1. Introduction: the old versus the new market: the politics of change 2. The attempt to control small businesses 3. How the attack on small businesses has already impacted the rest of the world 4. What is the current situation of small scale retail in India 5. How this is all going to change 6. The death of small businesses and the false promise of new employment 7. Farmer suicides 8. Procuring the crops – the farmers are left out 9. Impact on the environment 10. That is why there is Nandigram, Khammam, Posco 11. Let us walk together
North Bengal – when the cup inebriates: Sankar Ray, Perspectives
Morcha peace pledge, threat
Bid to stop ‘ethnic’ conflict – Talk at the earliest, CM writes to Gurung
They informed us that their predecessors have been staying in that area for more than 100 years.
January 17, 2009: DLF, which was pursuing a huge real-estate project at Dankuni, West Bengal amidst widespread protests, has formally abandoned the project, ostensibly due to the current economic crisis.
1. 900 landholders reject land acquisition in Andal, site of Aerotropolis project – Jan 11 2009
2. Villagers form Farmers Committee at Andal, site of Aerotropolis project – Jan 6, 2009
(1) Introduction – Shabnam Hashmi and Ram Puniyani (2) Terror: the aftermath – Anand Patwardhan (3) As the fires die: the terror of the aftermath – Biju Mathew (4) Hotel Taj: Icon of whose India? – Gnani Sankaran (5) Why the United States got it wrong – P. Sainath (6) The Monster in the Mirror – Arundhati Roy (7) Counter: Terrorism must not kill democracy – Praful Bidwai (8) Handling queries: democratic responses. Antuley remarks and the aftermath – Ram Puniyani (9) Need for a thorough investigation – Raveena Hansa (10) Terrorism, rule of law, and humna rights – K.G.Balakrishnan (11) Acts of terror and Terrorising Act: Unfolding Indian tragedy – Sukla Sen (12) Our politicians are still not listening – Colin Gonsalves (13) India’s new anti-terror laws are draconian, say activists – Praful Bidwai (14) Terrorism: are stronger laws the answer? – Prashant Bhushan
These updates are from the December 2008 issue of Gurgaon Workers News
1. Updated list of exploitative companies and what they do
2. Commonwealth Games: Building Workers’ Riot in Delhi
3. Maruti Suzuki and DLF: Pillars of Gurgaon’s Urbanisation shaken by Crisis
Apeejay Group in Kolkata, Shrishti in Rajarhat
DLF and Siddha Group in Rajarhat
Ruchi Realty in Kolkata
Ambuja Realty in North Bengal
Salarpuria group in Rajarhat
Singapore major FEO in Kolkata
Constant updates on the Forest Rights Act are available on forestrightsact.com
In December 2006, Parliament passed the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act. This historic legislation marks the first time in India’s history that a law has been passed recognising the rights of forest communities. Implementation of the Act is an unfolding political struggle.
1. General issues in implementation across states
2. Detailed updates from various states as of December 2008
By Neil Clark, New Statesman. December 2008.
If socialism signifies a political and economic system in which the government controls a large part of the economy and redistributes wealth to produce social equality, then I think it is safe to say the likelihood of its making a comeback any time in the next generation is close to zero – Francis Fukuyama, author of The End of History, in Time magazine in 2000.
He should take a trip around Europe today. Make no mistake, socialism – pure, unadulterated socialism, an ideology that was taken for dead by liberal capitalists – is making a strong comeback. Across the continent, there is a definite trend in which long-established parties of the centre left that bought in to globalisation and neoliberalism are seeing their electoral dominance challenged by unequivocally socialist parties which have not.
By Debora Mackenzie, Newscientist. Dec 2008.
History may be repeating itself. Until the mid-20th century, many European countries grew rich on the resources of their colonies. Now, countries including China, Kuwait and Sweden are snapping up vast tracts of agricultural land in poorer nations, especially in Africa, to grow biofuels and food for themselves.
Dec 22, 2008: This survey by the premier statistical institution of the country produced interesting results. Rural poor in most states in India, including a majority in Bengal, oppose land acquisition. Fault-lines exist along the poverty line: people above are less opposed than those below. A small minority of states produced results in the affirmative. Interestingly, these states included ones with higher as well as lower per capita SDP than Bengal, pointing out the complex dynamics at play in these states.
January 8, 2009: West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation will soon conduct a socio-economic viability study to overcome the land acquisition hurdle for the Rs 2,000 crore Apeejay-Bharati shipyard joint venture project in the State.
1. Current statistics of healthcare in Bengal: causes for concern
2. Amartya Sen lists factors behind failing ‘health’
By Sanjay Ghosh, South 24 Parganas. Translated from Sangbad Manthan by Koel Das, Sanhati.
This political travelogue probes the lives of tribals in the Sunderbans, looking at their means of livelihood, Panchayat power dynamics, and access to the public distribution system, mid-day meals, and education. The writer comes to the conclusion that “…even after 62 years of independence, this part of Sunderban, located 3 hours from Kolkata, is a land of nothing…”.
“Singrauli will turn into Singapore,” – Madhya Pradesh chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, 2008
Across the nation, up to 60,000,000 people are estimated to have been displaced by power, irrigation, mining and other development projects since independence.
By Sankar Ray. Dec 2008
Many old guard – especially fellow-travellers of CPI(M or CPI prior to the victory of Left Front in the Ninth elections to the West Bengal State Assembly – who saw the film Szabadság, szerelem (Children of Glory) depicting the turmoil in Hungary in 1956, a few months after the historic and controversial secret speech of Nikita Sergeyvich Khruschev on the last day of the 20th Congress of now-defunct Communist Party of Soviet Union in the fag end of February, at the 14th West Bengal Film Festival (14th FF)at Nandan Auditorium – looked pensive.
While walking out of auditorium, some were heard admitting that they were misinformed and misled by party leaders.
Dec 20, 2008
The power minister today asked Burdwan district officials to complete land acquisition formalities in Katwa for a power plant after being told that most farmers had agreed, but the land owners have denied the claim.
Implications for peoples movements
Press Release from Kolkata activists: deep anguish over laws – Dec 24, 2008
Acts of Terror and Terrorising Act – Unfolding Indian Tragedy – Dec 19, 2008
Double-barrel strike on terror – Dec 16, 2008
One of the aspects of neoliberal accumulation in India and Bengal has been the steady creation of real estate enclaves, hubs, and gated cities. A new chapter in this process is the impending concept of airport cities, with the usual promises of job creation, downstream employment, and development. An idea imported from highly developed nations, the aerotropolis, as it is called, will demand the creation of attendent SEZs and the provision of infrastructure like water and electricity by local taxpayers. A land acquisition notice for an airport city in Andal (Burdwan, West Bengal) was served in December 2008.
By Parimal Bhattacharya, Dec 2008
Every night, at 11 pm, Moumita Pan waits in the dark with her schoolbooks for the electric light to come on. A student of Class XI, she has to race through her studies before the light goes out again at two in the morning. Moumita is the only girl in the workers’ quarters of the Jenson and Nicholson plant at Naihati, closed since 2004, who has cleared the Madhyamik and has not dropped out yet.
‘Malnourished’ Sabar dies: Belpahari, West Midnapur, Dec 14 2008
Kalla Sabar (34) a resident of Labani under Simulpal gram panchayat in Belpahari block in Midnapore West died succumbed to tuberculosis yesterday. Kalla had contracted tuberculosis as a result of acute malnutrition. Kalla’s body thrown in a nearby forest by the family members, police said.
Human rights may be overlooked to fight terror: PM
West Bengal DGP advocates torture, MASUM protests
Dec 14, 2008. Swapan Ganguly, General Secretary, Paschim Banga Khet Mazoor Samity.
The Calcutta High Court today admitted a public interest litigation on non implementation of the 100 days work guarantee scheme in West Bengal. The Bench consisting of Chief Justice SS Nijjar and Justice Sanjib Banerjee ordered the State and Central Governments to file their replies within two weeks to the allegations raised by Paschim Banga Khet Majoor Samity (PBKMS), a non party, registered trade union of agricultural workers.
By Ajay Bera, Arambag. Translated by Debarshi Das from ShramikShakti Newsletter, November 2008.
Drawing from daily interactions with hundreds of decimated farmers of Arambag Subdivision I am writing this article to give a communicable shape to my experience. Neither the electronic media nor the newspapermen care to see their abject destitution. The government has become tactically deaf. The words which are going to follow are not mine, but of the farmers.
Suicides by farmers of Maharashtra crossed the 4,000-mark in 2007, for the third time in four years, according to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). As many as 4,238 farmers of the State took their lives that year, the latest for which data are available, accounting for a fourth of 16,632 farmer suicides in the country.
By Bishan Dutta. Translated by Suvarup Saha, from Shramikshakti Newsletter, November 2008.
Privately owned educational institutions have been on a roll from the days of the Rajiv Gandhi’s new economic policies. Here, in West Bengal, the left-front government joined the bandwagon a little late but has been quick to champion its cause with immense dedication – testified by the mushrooming of more than 150 professional degree colleges in last few years. The newest in the list is the KPC Medical College located at Jadavpur, in the south of Kolkata.
By Dipankar Basu and Debarshi Das, Sanhati
In a recent lecture, eminent Marxist scholar David Harvey drew the attention of his audience to recent developments in West Bengal, India as an example of “accumulation by dispossession”. The main target of his example, the CPIM, responded to his criticism through certain claims which have been perfected down the years into an effective propaganda machine. Many exhaustive studies in the past and recent events have shown these claims to be either untruth or half-truths. This article summarizes the main contours of those studies, and argues that Harvey has indeed correctly interpreted the happenings in Bengal.
Some commentators like Biju Mathew have stressed the dangers of State and civilian vigilanteism and the consequent erosion of civil liberties in the wake of the Mumbai attacks of November 2008. These dangers are particularly grave amidst general demands for the recall of POTA and for higher defense budgets and militarized lives for ordinary citizens. A modest proposal in Bengal holds ominous potential.
Govt to consider Tata’s proposal in helping domestic companies
An open letter to Ratan Tata
Dec 5, 2008: It is naturally assumed that the human cost of development will be outsourced to rural populations, far away from urban enclaves – hence the location of polluting industries and nuclear power plants in those areas, slum eviction drives in the cities, etc. An extension of this mindset is that it is perfectly natural for 5,000 rural citizens of India to go without power for 3 days, to ensure that their Prime Minister’s 25 minute trip to the locality is secure. Police are ready to be deployed, in case somebody finds the sacrifice exploitative. The fact that the trip finally doesn’t take place on a whim adds to the insult.
The United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Poznań, Poland, between 1-12 December 2008. Over a decade ago, most countries joined an international treaty – the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) – to begin to consider what can be done to reduce global warming. This Conference of the Parties (COP) is the “supreme body” of the Convention; it is the highest decision-making authority. The COP meets every year.
Several ominous reports on India and the subcontinent emerged from the COP this year.
(1) India loses more people to climate change than any other country
(2) Farm output may drop 30pc in S Asia by 2050, effects already on display in Bangladesh?
Singur Update: Farmer commits suicide, Tata sheilds “trade secret”, faces resistance in Sanand, Gujarat
A sharecropper who had apparently lost work after nearly 1,000 acres were acquired for Tata Motors hanged himself today.
Bholanath Patra’s wife Shyamali said the family had six cottahs outside the factory site, but that was too little. “After he lost his job, we found it difficult to arrange two square meals a day. He started working in a cold storage unit but his health began to fail,” said Shyamali, a mother of two in Bajemelia.
Nov 30, 2008: The Dunlop management today declared suspension of work in Bengal’s Sahagunj, rendering nearly 1,200 workers jobless.
By Walter Fernandes. This paper first apeared in Counterviews Webzine, Feb 2008.
(1) Tribals and Land – Basic Statistics (2) Tribal displacement due to refugee rehabilitation (3) Displacement in Tripura due to refugee rehabilitation (4) Development-Induced Displacement (5) Ensuring Availability without Access (6) The Development Paradigm (7) Attack on Tribal Culture (8) Tribal Reaction (9) Conclusion
Porichoy Patrika archives are also available at http://sanhati.com/porichoy/
Archivists: Soumya Guhathakurta, Sarita Dhawan, Dhiman Chatterjee, Atreyi Dasgupta, Sanhati
Update November 9: 1955-56 Issues 7-12
Update October 26: 1955 Issues 1-6
Update September 20: 1953-54 Issues 7-12
Update September 16: 1952-53 Volume 2 (Issues 1 to 6)
Update August 15: 1951-52 Volume 1 (Issues 1 to 6), 1952-53 Volume 1 (Issues 1 to 6)
Update July 22: 1950-51 Volume 2 (Issues 1 to 6)
Update July 9: 1950-51 Volume 1 (Issues 1 to 6)
Update June 26: 1945-46 Volume 2 (Issues 5,6); 1946-47 Volume 2 (Issues 1 to 6); 1950 – January to June
Update June 10: 1945-46 Volume 1 (Issue`s 1-6) and Volume 2 (Issues 1-4)
Update May 23: 1936 Issues 1-6.
Update May 1: 1933 1st Issue, 1934 1st Issue
Update April 27: 1933 2nd Issue.
About Porichoy – The Early Phase
On his return from Europe in 1929, the poet Sudhindranath Dutta felt the need for starting a ‘review’. The purpose was to strengthen the bonds that Bengali literature had developed with literature of the world. The poet was promised help in this endeavor by friends who were established litterateurs or connoisseurs of the craft. Finance was arranged from family quarters. The editorial board of the ‘review’, which was named Porichoy, consisted of the likes of Charuchandra Datta, Satyendranath Bose, Subodhchandra Mukhopadhyay, Prabodhchandra Bagchi, Dhurjati Prasad Mukhopadhyay, Nirendranath Roy, Girijapati Bhattacharya and Sudhindranath Dutta. Very soon a circle of intellectuals in Calcutta clustered around Porichoy, including people like Abu Sayid Ayyub, Bishnu Dey, Hirendranath Mukhopadhyay, Annadashankar Ray, Budhadeva Bose and many more.
The first issue of Porichoy was published in 1931. From 1931 to 1936 Porichoy was a quarterly. From 1936 onwards Porichoy became a monthly. The second issue of Porichoy printed an adulatory note from Rabindranath Tagore to the editor. In fact, Tagore wrote poems, essays and book reviews for Porichoy during the period 1932 to 1942. The liberal Sudhindranath Dutta allowed the control of Porichoy to pass on to ‘Anti Fascist Writers Association’ in 1944. It may also be said that this signified the shift of the periodical’s control to Communists and their sympathizers. However, Porichoy always acknowkedged its intellectual debt to Sudhindranath Dutta and even as late as 2001 there was a special issue to commemorate the poet’s birth centenary.
Liberation archives are also available at http://sanhati.com/liberation/
Archivists: Soumya Guhathakurta, Sarita Dhawan, and Dhiman Chatterjee, Sanhati
Update October 8: March 1968, April 1968, June 1968
Update August 29: December 1967, November 1969, December 1969, January 1970, February 1970
Update July 31: First Issue – November, 1967; July, 1968; August, 1968; September 1968; October, 1968.
Liberation, the monthly central organ of the undivided Communist Party of India (Marxist – Leninist) (CPIML), was first published in November 1967. Through intense state repression and terror perpetrated by various political parties, the monthly continued to be published except for a brief hiatus in the early 1970s.
Issues of the monthly will be archived here till 1972.
While studies of the Naxalbari movement have continued over the decades, there has been a conspicuous lack of widespread availability of the literature of its main protagonist, the CPIML. Through this archive, we hope to fill this lacuna, thus enriching the debate for scholars and activists alike.
The archival material has been sourced from the personal collection of Suniti Ghosh, Central Committee member of pre-split CPI(ML).
Now archives are also available at http://sanhati.com/now_archives/
Archivist: Soumya Guhathakurta, Sanhati
Updated June 27, 2008: March 24 1967, March 31 1967, April 7 1967
Updated March 30, 2008: August 12 1966, August 19 1966, August 26 1966, September 2 1966
Updated March 22, 2008: August 5 1966, July 29 1966, July 22 1966, July 15 1966, May 27, 1966
In 1964 Samar Sen quit Hindustan Standard, the now defunct Calcutta English daily from Anandabazar group of publications stable, over a disagreement with the group about the carrying of news about communal disturbances in East Pakistan. Union Minister Professor Humayun Kabir approached Samar Sen with the job to edit a weekly with the objective of strengthening democracy, secularism etc. Thus was born Now and the first issue hit the stands in October 1964. Those who assisted in editing the weekly and writing columns included names like Nityapriya Ghosh, Niranjan Mazumdar (The Statesman, Calcutta), Shankar Ghosh (senior journalist known for his memoirs Hostantor), Ashok Mitra (previously minister in the Left Front regime), Amalendu Dasgupta (editor of The Statesman, Calcutta), Nayan Chanda (now at Yale and author of Bound Together: How Traders, Preachers, Adventurers and Warriors Shaped Globalisation ), Kunal Bose (Financial Times, London) and Jayanta Sarkar (The Economic times & F E E review).
Initially, the issues of Now were an agglomeration of writings of famous and infamous scribes, both from India and abroad. A distinct left slant to the weekly was provided by some of the edit writers, notably Ashok Mitra. This was a cause for discomfort to Prof. Kabir which he expressed in his correspondence, but he never interfered with the matter that the weekly carried in print. However, this attitude of Prof. Kabir began to change with the 1967 assembly election and the coming to power of the Bangla Congress and CPI(M) led United Front. Post 1967 elections Now supported CPI(M). However, CPI(M)’s stance after the peasant uprising at Naxalbari, expulsion of dissidents and the attitude of holding on to power by means fair or foul disillusioned Samar Sen. The first United Front Government collapsed under the weight of its own contradictions and a few days later a letter of dismissal was served to the editor of Now. Samar Sen left Now in 1968 and the weekly, under a new editor, folded up after a few issues.
Among others to write for Now were Nirad C. Chaudhuri , Lindsay Emmerson (The Statesman, Calcutta), Kingsley Martin (editor, New Statesman). Now was the first to carry a translation of Sukumar Ray’s verse by Satyajit Ray. The entire team of writers from Now followed Samar Sen to Frontier (which hit the stands in April 1968) save a few like Nirad C. Chaudhuri and Kingsley Martin.
The indigenous people of West Midnapore appear to have adopted protests more familiar with those taken in Nandigram where, in the backdrop of police excesses, the locals dug up roads to prevent the law enforcers from making inroads into their villages. For the fifth successive day since Maoists set off a landmine close to the chief minister, Mr Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee’s cavalcade, the indigenous people of Lalgar, in Jhargram sub-division, continued to put up obstacles in their bid to prevent the police from raiding villages from where secondary school students were arrested for their alleged involvement in the blast. The people of Lalgar and adjoining parts of Jhargram subdivision are on a warpath protesting against the torture of adivasi women and arrest of seven “innocent” community men in connection with the 2 November blast.
A message from Dipanjan Rai Chaudhuri. Nov 8, 2008
The Bengal Engineering College, now a university, the BESU, has been closed sine die by its VC on November 6, after he called in the police to punish a section of the students who do not follow the dictates of the SFI, the students’ organisation of the major ruling party.
Where is red in your sky, comrade? – revolutionary posturing on the eve of the Calcutta Film Festival
Rosso come il Cielo (Red Like The Sky), to be shown at the inaugural ceremony of the 14th Kolkata Festival has a piece of significant dialogue:
“You’ll grow up, and by that time you’ll have outgrown everything about this place.”
Writing against Sangh Parivar and Brahmanism is ‘inflamatory’ or ‘War agaisnt State’ – The Orissa police proves it by arresting a Bhubaneswar based critic of Brahmanism and RSS. Mr.Lenin Kumar, editor, Nishan was arrested day before yesterdey for writing the book ‘”Dharma Naanre Kandhamalare Rakta Nadi”.
Salem, in Tamil Nadu, South India, is the scene of mining operations and an impending SEZ site. Various players, from SAIL to the Jindals to the infamous Vedanta corporation, are vying for mining rights in the area. An IT SEZ is on the cards. Local struggle is developing.
By Dipankar Basu, Sanhati. This series will also appear parallely on Radicalnotes
The global economic crisis currently underway is, by all accounts, the deepest economic crisis of world capitalism since the Great Depression. It is necessary for the international working class to understand various aspects of this crisis: how it developed, who were the players involved, what were the instruments used during the build-up and what are it’s consequences for the working people of the world. This understanding is necessary to formulate a socialist, i.e., working class, response to these earth shaking events. In a series of posts here on Radical Notes, I will share my understanding of the on-going crisis as part of the larger collective attempt to come to grips with the current conjuncture from a socialist perspective, to understand both the problems and the possibilities that it opens up.
Varanasi in North India, which employed 700,000 people in handloom a decade back, now employs only 250,000, with 47 reported cases of suicide. In the face of liberalization, silk cloth imports, indiscriminate mechanization, loose control over cheap imitations, rising price of silk, etc. weavers, like other artisans, are being dispossessed. This article discusses the inefficacy of existing government schemes, and suggests ways forward, stressing the need for an artisans’ movement in the country.
Dipankar Basu and Debarshi Das, Sanhati. Open for comments.
Sifting through the divergent viewpoints thrown up by attempts to make sense of the recent political history of West Bengal, one is led to the conclusion that the tumultuous events have taken many, if not most, by surprise. With the benefit of hindsight one can probably say this: a combination of an insensitive state power, an arrogant ruling party, lapping-it-up corporate interests, and cheerleaders-of-corporate-sector-doubling-up-as-media orchestrated a veritable assault – a perfect storm. Yet the peasantry, initially without the guiding hand of a political party – indeed at times against the writ of the party – fought on. Through this episode Indian political economy seems to have stumbled upon the peasantry while it was looking for a short-cut to economic growth through SEZs.
By Santanu Sengupta, Sanhati. Translated from ShramikShakti Newsletter: August 2008. Open for comments.
The lower Damodar river valley in West Bengal is the home of the Damodar Valley Corporation or DVC, the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India, whose stated aims are flood control, irrigation and generation and distribution of electricity. It is also the site of horrendous annual flooding that has brought ruin to over 4 million people for over a generation. This article probes the disparity between the stated objectives of the project and its performance, and the dangerous politics of big dams that has wreaked havoc on the lives of millions in Bengal.
A version of this article appeared on MRzine with some editing including the removal of a section on West Bengal and other amends affecting the treatment of the struggle in Singur and the role of the CPI(Marxist). The unedited version is given below. – Sanhati
I recently spent three weeks gathering information about the anti-displacement movement in India. As a guest of Visthapan Virodhi Jan Vikas Andolan (People’s Movement against Displacement and for Development), I traveled across five states in central and eastern India visiting the sites of proposed industrial and mining projects, Special Economic Zones and real estate developments. I spoke with hundreds of villagers who are threatened with displacement and with many dedicated activists who are helping to organize the people’s resistance.
21 Oct 2008: Days after Ratan Tata shifted his Nano car plant from Singur to Sanand in Gujarat, Kolkata’s biggest IT project slated to come up on a 33 2-acre plot in Rajarhat has hit a roadblock. Many farmers at Rajarhat’s Jagadishpur — the site identified for the Rs 1,500-crore IT project — have refused to give their land for the venture saying they have been shortchanged by the government.
On August 11 2008, India’s Supreme Court gave the go-ahead for two huge and controversial mining projects (companies: Vedanta and POSCO) in the eastern state of Orissa. Dongria Kondh tribespeople say their livelihood will be destroyed. The on going peaceful and democratic peoples’ movements in the state have been shocked by the fact that one of the main pillars of our democracy, the judiciary has joined the sides of the corporations who are desperate to grab the resources that has been sustaining the life of millions of peasants, tribals, fishermen and forest dwellers only to maximize their own profit.
Singur land for industry, says govt – Oct. 22, 2008
SC doesn’t like APDR filing petition on behalf of Singur farmers – Oct 13, 2008
CPM sees gain in Singur ‘restraint’: Flak for Tata at party meet – Oct 13, 2008
Oct 20, 2008
Thousands of villagers marched in Jharkhand on Monday to protest against a proposed Arcelor Mittal steel plant, police said, the latest in a series of confrontations over industry on farmlands.
October 12, 2008
Months of unflinching resistance by the people of Singur, especially landless labourers and marginal farmers, against the unjust and violent farm land acquisition by the West Bengal government has finally forced Tata Motors to withdraw its small car project from that area.
October 12, 2008
The now familiar debate of development versus displacement has cropped up again. Farmers whose land has been acquired by the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) are up in arms.
By Manshi Asher, Himvani
This article is a critical note on the proposed SKIL SEZ, in Gagret, Himachal Pradesh.
This is a small but typical list of companies in the Gurgaon area of North India, which commit flagrant violations of existing labor laws and get away with impunity. Their practices are listed below, in the form of first-person reports from workers, gleaned from Gurgaon Workers News. In most cases the minimum wage for industrial helpers of Rs. 3510 is not paid. If it is paid, then the working-times are way beyond the fixed 8-hours day and 6-days week. In most cases the over-time exceeds the legal restriction – maximum 50 hours in three months – and is paid at single rate, though according to the labour law it should be paid double. Hardly any workers receive the Provident Fund (PF), nor do they get ESI, medical insurance, which they are entitled to by law.
With the increasing spatial concentration of wealth and misery, of upward opportunities and downward spirals, those who feel privileged tend to feel threatened. In that way Gurgaon, the new IT hub of northen India, is a landscape of mass-psychosis.
Farewell to the Tatas: Costs and benefits of the Tata-Singur Project, a detailed dissection of the deal
By Dipankar Basu, Sanhati. Open for comments
Costs: the total cost of the Tata-Singur project incurred by the exchequer, and hence ultimately the tax payers, will be approximately be Rs. 3000 crores on a net present value basis when we add up the costs pertaining to the land subsidy, the tax holidays, the soft loan, the real estate gift and the subsidized electricity using an interest rate of 11%. This is about 58% of the total realized industrial investment in the state of West Bengal in 2007.
Introduction 1. Helping Killer Carbide – the Dow Chemicals nexus 2. Bypassing Democracy (a) Dictating Indian Policy (b) Holding on to Corporatocracy (c) Business with Military Junta 3. Desecrating Tribal Lands (a) Parched Earth Tactics (b) Chrome Poisoning (c) Luxury Resort in Tiger Country 4. Violence and Massacres (a) Gua Massacre (b) Kalinganagar Massacre (c) Singur Oppression 5. Toxic Dumping (a) Saline waste (b) Hell on Earth (c) Mountains of Waste, Jugsalai (d) Joda Mines (e) Coal Slurry Dumping 6. Hazardous Incidents (a) Founder’s Day Fire 7. Strong Anti-Labour Policies (a) Worker Suicides (b) Sub-contracting and Fostering Insecurity (c) Lay-offs (d) Union busting (e) Killings 8. A Historical Record as Collaborators of British Imperialism (a) Drug Running (b) Empress Mills (c) Fueling British Expansionism (9) Tatas opposed by the people
By Rick Wolff
In US capitalism’s greatest financial crisis since the 1930s Depression, status-quo ideology swirls. The goal is to keep this crisis under control, to prevent it from challenging capitalism itself. One method is to keep public debate from raising the issue of whether and how class changes — basic economic system changes — might be the best “solution.” Right, center, and even most left commentators exert that ideological control, some consciously and some not. Hence the debates where those demanding “more or better government regulation” of financial markets shout down those who still “have more confidence in private enterprise and free markets.” Both sides limit the public discussion to more vs less state intervention to “save the economy.” Then too we have quarrels over details of state intervention: politicians “want to help foreclosure victims too” or “want to limit financiers’ pay packages” or want to “weed out bad apples in the finance industry” while spokespersons of various financial enterprises struggle to shape the details to their particular interests.
Who committed the real violence at Graziano Transmissioni? – Kavita Krishnan
Graziano Workers Solidarity Forum formed
By Pankaj Mishra
For decades now, Kashmir has hosted a bloody stalemate, in which a powerful nation-state repeatedly tries, and fails, to impose its will on a small unyielding population. The Indian state uses political means (elections, special privileges) and financial inducements as well as military force to convince Kashmiris that they should not dream of self-determination. Still, Kashmiri defiance and harsh Indian retaliation exact a terrible human toll: tens of thousands killed, innumerable many disabled, tortured, orphaned and widowed. There is hardly a family in the Valley left untouched by the biggest military occupation in the world.
A few of us had a discussion with Professor Amit Bhaduri on his concept of “Development with Dignity”. In the struggle of ordinary people against the aggression of big capital in our country, this concept provides a vibrant locus of activity and future direction. It may also be important in the broader aim of social change. We present a draft of our conversation, both in Bengali and in English.
Farmers in Raigad district have defeated Reliance Industries SEZ referendum that the government had organized to know people’s impression about the Reliance Industries’ mega SEZ. The defeat of referendum means that the Special Economic Zone may not come up at the site where it was originally planned. The yet to be launched SEZ was being described as mother of all SEZ that have come up so far in India.
By Dipankar Basu, Sanhati. Open for comments.
The Tata Group of Companies is one of the largest business conglomerates in India today with about 100 large companies in its fold. With the might of the Indian State firmly behind it, monopoly capital in India has started a move to aggressively acquire foreign assets. This short note examines the true character of agreements like the one `struck’ between the TML and the West Bengal government. It is important to understand how such `agreements’ look like under a neo-liberal regime.
The dislocation of 15 million fishworkers and environmental degradation: an introduction to ongoing changes in Coastal Zone Regulations
By Suvarup Saha, Sanhati. Open for comments.
Coastal Zone Regulations in India are currently being changed and manipulated. It is necessary to examine these changes closely and understand the political and economic currents that motivate them. The 8200 km long coastline of India provides livelihood to 15 million people and is one of the richest environments in the world – changes and amendments in protective regulations thus have widespread effects, effects which are being swept under the carpet by political parties, from the right to the parliamentary Left. This is an introduction to the issue.
The U.S. financial crisis: some views from Monthly Review
The Greed Fallacy: By Arthur MacEwan, Dollars and Sense
Hard Truths About the Bailout
Free market ideology is far from finished: By Naomi Klein
Crisis of Capitalism and the Left: By Emir Sader
Questions on Dr. Sen’s trial – PUCL update, September 15, 2008
Events of the third phase of Binayak Sen’s trial and incidents preceeding Ajay TG’s bail – By Kavita Srivastva, Secretary, National PUCL
Dr. Sen’s trial observation – By Abhay Shukla, NHRC
Salwa judum ‘atrocities’: Apex court seeks report
Anti-Naxal Salwa Judum faces axe over rights abuse
Implement NHRC recommendations on Salwa Judum, Supreme Court asks Chhattisgarh government
If the government agrees to have tough a anti-terror law as recommended by the Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC), Naxalites will also be treated as “terrorists” as the panel has termed them nothing but those who follow “ideology-oriented terrorism” — a departure from the official line which has so far preferred to call them “Left-wing extremists”.
Open for comments
Voices for a separate state of Gorkhaland are once again echoing in the hills of Darjeeling and the surrounding areas. These developments are certainly disturbing for the uninformed Bengalis – they fail to understand why such a picturesque and otherwise “peaceful” place would like to secede from their province. They also feel sad at the thought of losing something so beautiful, something to be proud of. Sometimes, there is the knee-jerk reaction among some of them – a refusal to part with the region. With the state government and the mainstream media purposely continuing to feed on this ignorance and pride, it becomes important to put together a historical account of the developments in Darjeeling and thereby address questions regarding the right to self-determination of the people staying in this region. The hope is that such an introductory account of the evolving situation in Darjeeling would help the democratic-minded people to come to a rational decision.
By Siddhartha Mitra, Sanhati. Translated from ShramikShakti, June 2008
“Son, do not feel ashamed about my death; instead, feel proud of it, because this self-sacrifice of mine is for the greater good of the 6000 workers of the Chongtong tea-estate. We are still able to provide ourselves with two meals a day; but the thought of the frightening situation of the others in the tea-garden is making me unbearably anxious
– these were the words the Baburam Dewan wrote to his son in a letter just before he took his own life.
Durgapur, Sept. 9 2008: Farmers protesting land acquisition plans for a power plant in Katwa today warned of a backlash like the ones in Singur and Nandigram if the government resorted to forcible takeovers. The Krishi Jomi Krishak Khetmajur Raksha Committee, which is leading the protests, held a meeting this morning in Katwa, 180km from Calcutta, and iterated its stand against forced acquisitions.
August 31, 2008
This is very recent news, and not very widely known yet. The Jindal group, which is planning to set up a mega steel plant in Salboni in West Bengal, had applied for SEZ status for their plant in September 2007. The SEZ status was granted by the government of West Bengal on August 28, 2008. This might become a new, and disturbing pattern, as every industry which will be planned to be established will apply for SEZ status, with the accompanying suspension of labour laws, huge tax rebates etc. Things are moving fast, and quietly. The SEZ-Birodhi Prachar Mancha, a SEZ watchdog and awareness forum in Kolkata, is also going to move against this. – Partho Sarathi Roy, Sanhati
By Kuver Sinha, Sanhati. Open for comments
There is an ongoing siege in Singur, West Bengal, the site of the Tata Nano project. The Trinamul Congress, led by Mamata Banerjee, has demanded that of all the land acquired by the State Government using the colonial Land Acquisition Act of 1894, 400 acres be returned to farmers who had been unwilling to sell. The Krishi Jomi Jibon Raksha Committee or KJJRC (Save Farmland Committee) is the broad umbrella organization carrying out the struggle. Various civil society groups have rallied behind this call, as have landed farmers, landless labourers, and sharecroppers of the area.
By Indira Chakravarthy, Guest Contributor.
As a complement to Dipankar Basu’s piece on the “achievements” of the CPM government in West Bengal on the economic and social fronts (http://sanhati.com/front-page/857/), I would like to share a few facts/concerns about the health status of common people in W Bengal. Using publicly available data, Dipankar had demonstrated that West Bengal’s growth story was rather unspectacular when compared to other Indian states. Now, I would like to raise a related but different question: has even this below-average “economic growth” translated into improvements in the social sector for the common people?
By Santanu Sengupta, Sanhati. Translated from Rajarhaat – Uponogorir Ontorale Arto Manuher Kanna
Rajarhaat, near Kolkata, is Bengal’s new IT hub and a hotspot for real estate investment. Within no time Rajarhat has become the hotbed of real estate investments with companies like DLF, Keppel Land, Unitech group, Singapore-based Ascendas, Vedic Realty, etc. coming in. Land prices have soared. The first phase of DLF’s Rs 280 crore (Rs 2.80 billion) IT project has been operational since 2005 and a second IT park is on the cards. Wipro, Infosys, IBM – all the major IT houses are in operation here, on subsidized lands. A wireless hub is in the offing. Contrasting with Singur-Nandigram, official state versions have given the picture that Rajarhat’s land acquisition from the mid 1990’s onwards has been peaceful. This is an acount of the immense bloodshed that lay behind this acquisition, in a decade when the civil society and media wasn’t interested.
On 16th August, 2008, pipes carrying uranium tailings in Jadugoda (Jharkhand) burst again, spewing the village of Dungridih in Jadugoda with radioactive waste for the third time since Dec 2006. Records obtained from UCIL (Uranium Corporation of India Ltd, which owns and operates the mines and operations in Jadugoda) through RTI filings reveal that there have been three previous tailing pipe leakages in recent months, where radioactive material was released into the environment- – on 24th December 2006, 10th April 2007, and 22nd February 2008. In an additional incident in July this year, excessive rains caused the tailing ponds to overflow and contaminate the village ponds and canals.
By P.K. Sundaram, Guest Contributor. August 20, 2008. Open for comments.
India’s desperate diplomacy prior to the NSG meet on August 21-22, 2008 reveals the not-so-hidden truth about the deal – at a time when there is a need for renewed focus on disarmament, India rehabilitates nuclear energy corporates in order to circumvent nonproliferation regime and secure its right to conduct nuclear tests. And it finds supports from the Bush nuclear strategy bent on reducing nonproliferation into counterproliferation.
The wretched of the earth are standing up in Kerala and re-defining the politics of agitation. Their young middle class supporters are rewriting the grammar of protest. All this has stumped the political establishment, of which the traditional Left is now the dominant element. It all started when CK Janu marched into Thiruvananthapuram with hundreds of her tribal followers in 2001 demanding restoration of their alienated forest lands. Breaking with the tradition of staging rallies or holding meetings, they erected makeshift hutments in front of the State Secretariat and camped there.
by Dave Pugh August 16, 2008
Yesterday I returned to the U.S. after spending three and a half weeks gathering information about the anti-displacement movement in India. I traveled across five states in central and eastern India to the sites of projected industrial and mining projects and real estate developments. I spoke with hundreds of villagers who are threatened with displacement and with many dedicated activists who are helping to organize the people’s resistance.
Reporting from Singur – Shamik Sarkar, Sanhati. 19th August, 2008. Comments enabled.
It has been over a year and a half that 997 acres have been sealed off by Tata’s fences here. But many landowning farmers have not accepted compensation. In the last week of July, 2008, the Krishi Jomi Jibon Jibika Raksha Committee (Committee for saving farmland, life, and livelihood) gave the call to “outsiders working in Tata’s plant” to leave Singur, “to protect the rights of unwilling farmers, Bargadars, and agricultural workers”. After that, Trinamul leader Mamata Banerjee declared that there would be a continuous blockade of the project from August 24th. The pressure of the movement forced workers who had been coming to the site from outside to stop.
Greater Noida, Aug 13, 2008
Five people were killed Wednesday in firing by police on farmers protesting inadequate compensation for their land being acquired in Uttar Pradesh’s booming Greater Noida region bordering the national capital.
Visthapan Virodhi Jan Vikas Andolan Press Statement, 12 August 2008
The Orissa police detained Mr. David Pugh, a teacher from US on 12th August along with advocate Miss Protima Das and an anti-displacement activist Mr.Pradeep who accompanied him assisting in translation and showing the area in Kalinganagar and Sukinda on their way back to Bhubaneswar.
This conversation with a worker from Tamil Nadu, appeared in Shramik Istahar, May 2008. It has been translated by Koel Das, Sanhati.
I was conversing with Sudhakarda. Sudhakar Raut, originally from Orissa, used to work in a reputed private engineering factory in West Bengal. He lost his job after being victimized in a lock-out while fighting against the injustice of the factory owner. I met him a couple of days back when he talked about his experiences over the last one year.
A historic land struggle has been unfolding at Chengara in Pathanamthitta district, Kerala, involving about 7500 families, which includes all sections of landless people, the majority of them being Dalits and Adivasis. Landless people have claimed land in the Chengara estate, a rubber plantation, which had been leased to the Harrison Malayalam Plantation by the government of Kerala. At present, the lease is invalid and the property has lapsed back to the government. The landless people who have flocked there from all parts of Kerala demand that this government land be redistributed to them. These marginalised people have thereby demanded a say in what must be done with government land in Kerala: given the present political and economic climate, the likelihood is that this land will be taken over by the state only to be assigned unconditionally, or with minimum conditions, to the multi-nationals.
August 5, 2008.
1. Release News
2. Ajay’s future plans – prison diaries of a suspected Naxal
August 8, 2008
The Government of India has announced that it will take legal action on the civil and criminal liabilities of Union Carbide and Dow Chemical for the ongoing disaster in Bhopal, India. This landmark announcement comes after over 5 months of campaigning by Bhopal survivors and their international supporters, which included a 500-mile march and a 130 day sit-in on the streets of Delhi by survivors of the 1984 Bhopal Gas Disaster.
August 11, 2008: India’s Supreme Court has said two huge and controversial mining projects can proceed in the eastern state of Orissa. Dongria Kondh tribespeople say their livelihood will be destroyed. A BBC report.
Powerful NRI lobbies in the U.S.A. such as the US-India Business Council (USIBC), US-India Friendship Council, Indian American Forum For Political Education, the US-India Political Action Committee, Coalition for Partnership with India and others have consistently pushed for the US-India nuclear deal, the chemical hub at Nandigram, and deals with Dow Chemicals.
1. USIBC pledges support for securing nuclear deal – July 23, 2008
2. US-India Friendship Council: ‘Finally, Congress party showed some spine’ – July 12, 2008
3. USIBC: Nandigram Investment Plans on track despite violence
4. NRI groups, Dow Chemicals, and the Bengal government – read RTI documents: Questions and Response from government.
Dynamics of rural proletariat: labour shortage in agriculture, NREGA, aspirations, and the nouveau riche
Introduction: rural proletariat in Haryana and Punjab
Aspirations within misery: labour shortage in agriculture
The NREGA and the control of rural proletariat
The teenage guns of the nouveau riche
By Shubhendu Dasgupta. Translated by Debarshi Das, Sanhati
One of the many aspects of the land reform programme was security for tenants. Those land owners who would not cultivate the land themselves, would lease out the same to the tenants. This is called tenancy cultivation – or “barga” cultivation in Bengal. Those who would lease in the land on barga cultivation would be called “bargadars”.
1. Nuclear Reactor Hazards : Ongoing dangers of operating nuclear technology in the 21st century
2. Nuclear Power: no solution to climate change
3. Pros and cons of nuclear power
4. The nuclear ’solution’ to climate change
5. The Nuclear crisis in France
By Mark Butler and David Ntseng, South Africa. Guest contribution, July 2008.
In South Africa one of the biggest barriers to the ability of grassroots political society to contest directly with state and capital is the spongy wall of civil society around both. This is very seldom recognised by the middle class left, most of whom are located in that civil society in NGOs or the academy. In that context this article by Mark Butler and David Ntseng is quite important as there are very few critiques of civil society around in South Africa. – Contextual introduction by Richard Pithouse
By James Petras, Guest Contributor.
Inflation and all of its repercussions for wage and salaried workers, fixed income middle classes, as well as manufacturers and transport industries is splashed all over the financial pages of the major newspapers throughout the world. Inflation is the great solvent that dissolves paternalistic ties between employers and workers, landowners and peasants, clientele-patronage regimes and the urban poor and sets in motion violent protests against private property and previously popularly elected regimes. Historical religious, clan, party, ethnic, tribal, caste and other differences are temporarily suspended, as Hindus and Moslems in India, Communists and Christians in the Philippines, peasants and workers in China, industrial workers and public employees in Egypt, blacks and mulattos in Haiti…join together in sustained mass protests against inflation which profoundly and visibly erodes their living standards from week to week, in some cases from one day to another.
The Karnataka convener of the National Alliance for People’s Movement, A.D. Babu, was killed recently. He was on his way, along with two colleagues, to a NAPM meeting on an anti-liquor campaign at Ramnagaram, when a group stopped his vehicle at Mayanagram, a few km from the venue, and attacked him with knives and swords. He died on the spot. It is believed that a Karnataka liquor mafia is behind the gruesome murder.
These reports from the Centre for Environment and Food Security (CEFS) published in July 2008, give an outline of NREGA scams in Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. The full reports, as well as their executive summaries, are given.
Introduction I. Economics as Mechanics II. How Capitalism Emerged in Europe III. Colonial Rule: Setting the Pattern IV. India’s Runaway ‘Growth’ IV 1. Missing Links IV 2. The External Stimulus and Its Implications IV 3. Private Corporate Sector-Led Growth and Exclusion IV 4. The Condition of the People IV 5. The Agrarian Impasse and Its Implications V. Unlocking the Productive Potential of the Entire Labour Force
Indian capital is quick to take cue from the government’s move and has already started planning its investments in the nuclear sector. Whose interest will the nuclear deal serve? (1) US strategic interests, and (2) Indian corporate interest. The CPI(M) is and probably will remain silent about the second. One might even go a little further and see the haste in the government’s move resulting from pressures emanating from these two quarters: (1) US administration, and (2) Indian big capital. Thus, it seems that a nice alliance is in operation here, the alliance between multinational capital (represented by the US State) and national capital (represented by the Indian State). Analyzing the changing nature of this alliance over time might offer insights into the evolution of contemporary imperialism. – Dipankar Basu, Sanhati.
By P.K. Sundaram, Guest Contributor. Open for comments.
It is the Indian Left’s concurrence, rather than its disagreement, with the idea of a nuclear future (including nuclear weapons) that has made its case weak and inaudible to the larger masses.
By Dipankar Basu, Sanhati. Open for comments.
Mindless economic growth through unfettered operations of the “free” market, that is often portrayed in the mainstream media as a panacea for all of India’s economic problems, has now been shown to be seriously flawed as a sensible strategy for economic development. Active, pro-people state intervention through sound policies is essential for making any meaningful dent on the problems facing our country today; and this includes, if historical experience is anything to go by, even the achievement of sustainable, broad-based economic growth. In every known case of successful industrialization and economic development, be it England or Continental Europe or USA or Japan or the East Asian tigers, the State has played a pro-active role in directing investments, mobilizing resources to finance that investment, protecting fledgling industries from undue competition from abroad, and so on; it is, therefore, inconceivable that any state, or the country for that matter, can make that transition without State intervention through effective policies for agriculture and industry. State governments subscribing to this viewpoint would claim to have put this political philosophy into practice, especially the one in West Bengal.
By M.V. Ramana, Guest Contributor.
With the submission of the safeguards agreement to the IAEA and the challenge to the government from the left parties, there is now renewed widespread debate about the nuclear agreement with United States. Much of the debate on the deal has been between what can be broadly called the nuclear hawks and the nuclear nationalists. The nuclear hawks believe India’s nuclear programme is a great success and more than able to take care of itself. They see the deal as imposing unnecessary constraints on the programme and making more difficult the creation of the large nuclear arsenal, including thermonuclear weapons (hydrogen bombs), that they believe is essential for India to be a ‘great power.’
The Indo-US Nuclear Pact and the Hoax of Nuclear Power – By Dipanjan Rai Chaudhuri
India’s Nuclear History: A Brief Outline
Choosing the Wrong Future: The U.S.-India Nuclear Deal – By Andrew Lichterman and M.V. Ramana
Wrong Ends, Means, and Needs: Behind the U.S. Nuclear Deal With India – By Zia Mian and M. V. Ramana
By Saroj Giri, Sanhati. Open for comments.
The workers chanted “Allende, the people are defending you: hit the reactionaries hard.” The mood of the masses was militant. They were waiting for a lead that never came. – Tariq Ali, Allende’s Chile
Is the Maoist victory in the Constituent Assembly elections in Nepal a challenge to the liberal consensus and hegemony or is it its expansion, or worse, its intensification, co-opting the Maoists in the process? It could be either, mostly depending on which way events unfold in the coming days. The ‘meaning’ of the Maoist victory calls for a critical examination even as it promises an interesting and politically salient expose of the intricacies and dangers of trying to beat liberal democracy in its own game. Liberals, both left-wing and right-wing ones, have welcomed the Maoist victory though with caution and sometimes clenching their teeth, as a victory of the ballot over the bullet and a step forward for democracy and peace in Nepal. Those on the revolutionary left have however hardly allowed their pleasant surprise at the results to underestimate the enormous risks of ‘right-wing deviation’ and capitulation that the present path entails for the Maoists.
The May 2008 Pogroms: xenophobia, evictions, liberalism, and democratic grassroots militancy in South Africa
By Richard Pithouse, Guest Contributor. Durban, 16 June 2008.
This essay examines the issues of xenophobia in present-day South Africa, in the light of the riots of May 2008. It starts by looking at eviction in the Harry Gwala settlement and the role of various poor people’s movements like Abahlali baseMjondolo, Anti-Eviction Campaign, and the Landless People’s Movement. It then looks at the riots, making the point that most areas under the control of militant organisations of the poor that have been in serious conflict with the state had no violence. The essay evaluates the ideas of Michael Neocosmos in theorizing xenophobia, coming to the conclusion that “For Neocosmos xenophobia and authoritarianism are a continuation of apartheid oppression that are, in the end, a product of liberalism. He proposes, against the state centric politics of liberalism, a recovery of popular emancipatory politics…[it] is the practical politics that was able to defend and shelter people targeted in the May pogroms, and has previously, although covertly, offered the same protection from the state…”
1. India’s Emerging Food Security Crisis: The Consequences of the Neoliberal Assault on the Public Distribution System – Analytical Monthly Review
2. A man-made famine – Raj Patel, The Guardian
3. The World Food Crisis: Sources and Solutions – Fred Magdoff, Monthly Review
4. Manufacturing a Food Crisis – Walden Bellow, The Nation
5. Global food crisis: ‘The greatest demonstration of the historical failure of the capitalist model’ – Ian Angus, Socialist Voice
6. Soaring prices are causing hunger around the world – Washington Post Editorial
7. The World’s Growing Food-Price Crisis – Time magazine
By Shamik Sarkar, Sanhati. Open for comments.
I. Beliya village, Haruda, and promises of development
II. Singur, its sharecroppers and laborers, and the Opposition
III. Corporate hands in rural Bengal
June 12, 2008
Manabadhikar Suraksha Mancha (MASUM) had organised a People’s Tribunal on Torture (PTT) on 9-10 June. The police have started a case against MASUM claiming the tribunal to be illegal. On June 12 a huge police force raided MASUM’s office (26 Guitendal Lane, Howrah 711101). To protest against this, a meeting has been planned at MASUM’s office, today, on 13 June at 4pm. Please come and send this news to all.
Detailed report on incident from The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders.
By Alita Nandi, Sanhati. Open for comments.
In the early 1990s various liberalisation policies had been introduced in India and India had started to experience higher growth rates (compared to pre-liberalisation period). The official poverty estimates published by the Planning Commission showed a decline in absolute poverty levels from 36% in 1993-94 to 26% in 1999-00. The question that became important at this juncture was, “Did the advantages of this high economic growth reach all echelons of society, in particular the ‘poor’?” And so the official reports at this time showing a reduction in absolute poverty levels created a stir. Some old issues about poverty measurement and some new ones were brought into the foreground and heavily debated and discussed. Here I attempt to trace out the key issues of this debate.
By Dipankar Basu, Sanhati. Open for Comments.
In a recent article in Macroscan, Jayati Ghosh (JG hereafter) has argued that West Bengal is a “pioneering state” with regard to panchayati raj institutions and other measures aimed at decentralization of state power in India. The author shows that when one uses the correct index in the analysis, these conclusions vanish into thin air – of the states studied, Maharashtra, for example, outperforms West Bengal in participation of disadvantaged classes in Panchayats, even though it has never had the benefit of a progressive, left-wing government. The author suggests that this may be due to a vibrant culture of grassroots social and political activism, nurtured and led in no small measure by the radical left.
By Suhit Sen, The Statesman
A team of experts constituted by the Planning Commission has cottoned on to something the Prime Minister doesn’t seem to comprehend. It has pointed out that Left-wing extremism is not just – we could go further and say not at all – a law-and-order problem. It is a phenomenon that arises from a complete lack of development, desperate poverty and the dehumanisation that arises from it, and injustice and inequality. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh does not agree, of course – not long ago he had characterised extremism as the most virulent disease that afflicted India’s body politic and Naxals as the Public Enemy Number 1. He should take time off his admittedly onerous duties to pore over the report.
An EPW commentary by Sumanta Banerjee on the recent Planning Commission Report, “which while meticulously arranging the latest facts and figures, rigorously examines the causes of the continuing economic exploitation and social discrimination in the adivasi and dalit-inhabited areas even after 60 years of independence. It is significant that this particular expert group was set up by the government in May 2006, in the background of increasing Naxalite activities in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa.”
Leaflet from Gana Udyog
B.L.R.O. Srirampore: I won’t commit this to paper. However, there is one set of rules for common people, another for the Birlas. I can’t do much from my chair. We are servants who obey government directives. Decisions come from much higher up.
(1) Land-acquisition in HindMotors for real-estate: A Timeline
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