Election results 2014: Winners and losers

June 26, 2014

by S. Mohammed Irshad

Democracy is consider as the most powerful form of government, precisely because of it’s nature of accommodating independent views. 2014 general election in India questioned some of these theoretical propositions on democracy. Is it a success of democracy? Theoretically it is. The majority voted for Mr Narendra Modi. He has got majority support through ‘democratic process’ – election. It is quite evident from the 2014 general election that, the voters are not worried about human rights violations and other offenses. If so, Mussafir Nagar violence could have influenced the election. Assam violence is another issue which this election completely neglected. On the contrary, it is obvious that, ‘development’ has also not influenced the election, which is what BJP claims. Development is no longer an option for the people to support either BJP nor Congress.

No party, including parliamentary left parties, are against privatization, including foreign direct investment and reducing public sector funding. The announcement of 100 percent FDI in the defense sector and the Rs 500 crore capital supports to industries indicate the economic policy of the Modi government. The expectation of the people is built upon the created perception of the Gujarat model of development. It is fact that Gujarat is not a model for social justice and equality. Gujarat is not a developed state. The only success of Gujarat is its policy of offering unparalleled support to the private sector. This is not an inclusive model; however it has been defined as an inclusive model for the nation. Media projection of Gujarat model needs to be discussed in this perspective.

The minister Ms Harmit Badal’s statement on implementing the Justice Nanavathi Commission report on Sikh Riot raises many critical concerns towards Gujarat riot and the riots after Babari Masjid demolition. It is critical to understand how the public perceives these decisions? And whether the government got the public consensus? The above mentioned economic policy and communal agenda are already practiced in Gujarat. The Rs 500 crore packages are already practiced in Gujarat, that is the reason why private companies are flying into Gujarat.

Guajrat is obviously a model for the successful capitalist governance of resources. Present day Indian capitalism is in need of such resource governance, and Modi government is all set to support them. The previous Manmohan Singh government offered maximum possible support to private sectors including foreign ones. Compared to other Congress governments, Manmohan Singh government offered maximum possible welfare within the limits of neo-liberalism. The schemes like NREGS are examples of such. However it does not mean that those schemes were effective in tackling backwardness. It offered bare minimum support to the millions of poor. However, it helped the government to put maximum efforts to implement corporate friendly policies. Modi government is likely to continue these schemes, since they have proven successful in diverting public attention and implementing capitalist interests at the macro level.

Modi Government does not require any drastic policy shift to govern the country. The Manmohan Singh government already laid the foundation for such corporate friendly policies. This is the reason why the Congress party did not question the economic policy of Narendra Modi when he was the chief minister of Gujrat.

The Congress and other non-NDA alliance parties campaigned against the communal agenda and the result proved that secularism and Gujarat violence are no longer a public issue. It becomes an issue for the victims of Gujarat violence alone, and it is not going to help Congress and other so called secular parties to fight BJP. Ghettoisation of Muslims in Gujarat permanently resolved the communal violence. Physical division has proven to be the best way to resolve communal violence. Social and political rights of the victims are neglected and the Gujarat government’s attitudes towards the victims are also sidelined. Justice for the victims of Gujarat violence is becoming a distant reality. It becomes a secluded issue, having no connection with the state failure. The major impact is that no party in India is going to raise Gujarat violence in the coming elections. It becomes non-political campaign issue, which would remain within the victims of the violence.

A change was inevitable. However, the fact is that the change is not going to change the polices and the priorities of the government.

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