November 9, 2012
CPN-Maoist names new principal enemy
KATHMANDU, Nov 1: In a major policy shift, the CPN-Maoist, the breakaway faction of the UCPN (Maoist), has named a combination of political, bureaucratic and ´comprador´ capitalist elements ´protected and guided by Indian expansionists´ as its principal enemy.
According to a political document presented at its central committee meeting by party Chairman Mohan Baidya this past week, the main contemporary contradiction of the Nepali people is with compradors, bureaucrats and capitalists guided and protected by Indian expansionists.
The newly-formed Maoist party also said that a significant change in the political and social situation seen during the past two years had compelled the party to redefine its principal enemy.
Defining of a principal enemy in a communist party´s official document carries special significance because all the activities of such a party are designed and executed to defeat the “principal enemy”.
According to commentators, this latest process of redefinition floated by the CPN-Maoist demonstrates a major shift from a policy adopted two years back when the UCPN (Maoist) party was united. The party had then defined Indian expansionists blended with domestic reactionary forces as the party´s principal enemy.
Further explaining the nature of the presence of the principal enemy in different state organs, the CPN-Maoist said that a section of all major political parties including the UCPN (Maoist), Nepali Congress (NC), CPN-UML and Madhes-based parties are protected and guided by Indian expansionists.
Such a trend is also visible in those bureaucratic and business classes that work to serve the interests of Indian expansionists and act against the national interests, it is stated. Most of the bureaucrats coming from the elite classes also fall under the principal enemy category, said the documents seen by Republica.
Similarly, Chairman Baidya´s political document has pinpointed American imperialism and Indian expansionism as enemies and said that with the rise of the European Union and other regional alliances, the US had lost its superpower status and the world had become multi-polar.
Defining the principal enemy was the main issue in the debate among the three factions led by Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Vice-chairmen duo Baidya and Baburam Bhattarai, during the Palungtar plenum two years.
Dahal and Baidya had taken a stance defining Indian expansionist as the principal enemy whereas Bhattarai had opposed that idea and had argued that it was not Indian expansionists but domestic reactionary forces, especially feudal ones, that should be defined as the principal enemy.
The plenum finally endorsed the version floated by Dahal and Baidya, forcing the Bhattarai faction to write a note of dissent. However, within three months, Dahal had turned to the Bhattarai faction and Baidya had written the note of dissent.
The issue of defining the principal enemy was one of the major factors that triggered a split in the UCPN (Maoist) last June.
CPN-Maoist CC members press leadership for forming army
KATHMANDU, Nov 4: Almost all members airing their views at the ongoing central committee meeting of newly-formed CPN-Maoist have exerted pressure on the party leadership to clearly announce that the party will have its army, while the party chairman in his political document presented at the meeting said the party will form an “armed force” when deemed necessary.
The party´s central committee members are in favor of forming a separate army of the party not by establishing a new force from a scratch but by reorganizing the former People´s Liberation Army (PLA) personnel-YCL cadres, disqualified PLAs during the UN verifications and those who opted for voluntary retirements in the integration process. They had fought against the security forces during the decade-long Maoists´ ´people´s war´.
“Almost all comrades have advised the party should clearly mention the word ´army´ in place of the word ´armed forces´ in the political document,” said a CC member. The party leaders including Kul Prasad KC, Uma Bhujel, Bharat Bam, Maya Prasad Sharma were in favor of such change.
In a political document presented on Monday, Chairman Mohan Baidya had mentioned that the party will achieve state powers through “people´s revolt” based on the “people´s war”. The bases of the “people´s war” are “people´s government, army, and the people´s courts”, which were formed by then CPN (Maoist) in insurgency era.
Of the total 19,602 plus UNMIN-verified Maoist combatants, only 1,462 combatants were selected for integration into the national army while all others, except six combatants, have chosen voluntary retirements. The six combatants chose rehabilitation package offered by the government.
With the split of the party in June, the members of the dissolved PLA are divided into the two parties – UCPN (Maoist) and CPN-Maoist. Likewise, Maoist had formed a separate militant youth wing called Young Communist League (YCL), bringing out the real PLA members, who were politically indoctrinated with the Maoist ideology after then CPN (Maoist) came into mainstream politics back in 2008.
Addressing the party CC meeting on Saturday, party general secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa said they will automatically decide to form the army if there was suppression on the part of the state.
“We will have to immediately form a separate military organization if we mention to form ´army´ in our political document. Such a move will close all constitutional means, legal and political fights that we can be waged without going underground,” a CC member quoted general secretary Thapa as saying.
Thapa argued that they should be able to go ahead by following the paths set by Mao and Lenin on the issue of the army. Mao had formed the regular red army and captured the state which is known as people´s war while Lenin had used both the armies -party´s army and state´s army.
Communist theories hold that there are ´three magical weapons´ — revolutionary party, joint front and revolutionary red army — of the revolution. Then CPN (Maoist) had formed PLA as the revolutionary red army and Baburam Bhattarai-led joint front. Bhattarai himself led the central level parallel government named Revolutionary People´s Council, Nepal that worked under the Joint Front.
Maoist likewise formed people´s government and practiced district people´s government at district level and village people´s government in local level. The party had practiced people´s court and had carried out administrative works of the people under the people´s government.